Tzu-Chieh Kurt Hong, PhD

Assistant Professor
School of Architecture and Design
University of Kansas, Lawrence KS

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Rethinking Origami

A Generative Specification of Origami Patterns with Shape Grammars

Georgia Institute of Technology
Shantou University (China)

In collaboration with:
Dr. Ying Yu
School of Civil Engineering
Shantou University (China)
Dr. Athanassios Economou
School of Architecture
Georgia Institute of Technology
Dr. Glaucio Paulino
School of Civil Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology

doiAs a ubiquitous paper folding art, origami has promising applications in science and engineering. Many software and parameterized methods have been proposed to draw, analyze and design origami patterns. Here we focus on the shape grammar formalism and the Shape Machine, a shape grammar interpreter that has managed to automate the seamless shape calculations that the shape grammar formalism advocates. Different from other origami pattern generation methods, shape grammars generate origami patterns through recursive applications of shape rewriting rules using lines and curves. Based on this concept, the transformations between some common origami patterns are reorganized following visual cues and reasoning. Four examples of generating origami pattern are presented to show the capability of Shape Machine in origami design, including construction, modification and programming of an origami pattern. The new origami designs inspired by this work prove that shape grammars and Shape Machine provide a perspective and modeling technique for creating origami tessellation patterns.

Demo Video Link:
Rethinking Origami Miura-Ori Pattern
Rethinking Origami Barreto Pattern

Yu Y, Hong TK, Economou A, Paulino GH (2021) Rethinking Origami: A Generative Specification of Origami Patterns with Shape Grammars. Computer-Aided Design, Volume 137. (doi)